Java - English

Using a Dialogue Box to Open Files in Java

Actually, you have already written code to open a file. The process is no different
for the open file dialogue box. And because you have already written the classes
that open and write to a file, you can just import them into the current project.

Actually, you have already written code to open a file. The process is no different
for the open file dialogue box. And because you have already written the classes
that open and write to a file, you can just import them into the current project.

To import a class that you have already written, have a look at the Properties
window on the left of NetBeans. (If you can’t see the properties window, click
the Window menu item at the top of NetBeans. From the Window menu, select
Properties.)

Expand the entry for your current project, and right-click the Libraries item:

Add a project

From the menu that appears, select Add Project. When you do, you’ll see the
following dialogue box:

The Add Project dialogue box

Make sure that the Look in box at the top says “NetBeans Projects”.
Now scroll down and locate your TextFiles project. This is where your classes
are that open and write to a file. Now click the “Add project JAR files”
button. The dialogue box will close and you’ll be returned to NetBeans. Have
a look at the Libraries entry for your current project and you’ll see that it
has been imported:

The project has been imported

Now that you’ve added the classes to your project, you can add an import line
to the top of your code:

import textfiles.ReadFile;

If your recall, ReadFile was what we called the class that opened a file. The
package name we came up with was called textfiles. We’re now importing the ReadFile
class, and can now create new objects from it.

ReadFile file_read = new ReadFile( file_name );

Adapt your IF Statement to add the following try …catch code:

Java code that opens a text file

The code is just about the same as when we opened a text file previously: get
the name of the file and create a new ReadFile object, call the openFile
method we created, and return all the lines as an array, then loop round reading
each line. Notice that we place all the lines in the text area control on our
form.

 

Exercise
One thing missing, however, is a message in the catch part of the
try … catch
block. Move your message box between the curly brackets
of catch. In between the round brackets of showMessageDialog add a suitable
message. Or you can simply use e.getMessage.

When you’ve completed the code, try it out. You should be able to open
a file using your File > Open menu. The text file should then appear
in your text area field.

|

Kaynak : https://www.homeandlearn.co.uk/java/opening_files_part2.html ‘sitesinden alıntı

Yorum Yap