Visual Basic .NET - English

Runtime errors in VB .NET

This lesson is part of an ongoing tutorial. The first part is

This lesson is part of an ongoing tutorial. The first part is

Runtime errors are a lot harder than Design Time errors to track down.
As their name suggests, these errors occur when the programme is running. Runtime
errors are the ones that crash your programme. A simple way to crash a programme
is to divided by zero. Change the code for your button to this, and try it out:

Dim Num1 As Integer
Dim Num2 As Integer

Num1 = 10
Num2 = 0

TextBox1.Text = CInt(Num1 / Num2)

The CInt( ) part means Convert to an Integer. We’re just making sure
to convert the answer to the sum into a number. But run your programme and test
it out. Click your button and see what happens.

What happens is that you’ll get the following error message popping up:

The Overflow Error

Or this one, in 2019:

Error message in Visual Studio 2019

If you have started your programme without debugging then the error
message is a little less helpful:

Exception error message

Stop your programme from running to get rid of any error messages.

When you try to divide by zero, VB.NET throws up the Overflow error
message – there would be just too many zeros to go into the Integer variable
type. Even if you change the Type into a Single or a Double, you’d
still get the same error message. Programming environments just don’t like you
dividing a number by zero. If this were in a real programme, chances are it
would crash, or “bug out”. And you’ll get the blame!

If you think the answer to a calculation could result in zero, you should check
for this. We’ll see how to write code to trap Runtime errors in a moment. But
here’s another example of one.

From the controls toolbox, add a RichTextBox control to your form. Change the
Name property of your RichTextBox to rt1. A RichTextBox
is just like a normal textbox but with more functionality. One of these extra
functions is the ability to load a file directly. Delete or comment out any
code you have for your button, and add the following line:

rt1.LoadFile(“C:test10.txt”, RichTextBoxStreamType.PlainText)

All the line does is to load (or try to) the text file called “test10.txt
into the RichTextBox. The second argument just specifies that the type of file
we want to load is a Plain Text file.

Run your programme, and then click the button. If you don’t have a text file
called “test10.txt” in the root folder of your C drive, you’ll get
the following Runtime error message:

The File Not Found error message

You may see this smaller error box in Visual Studio 2017 and 2019:

File Not Found error message in Visual Studio 2017

The additional information is quite useful this time. It’s saying that the
file “C:test10.txt” could not be found. If the error occurred in
a normal programme, it would shut down. Not something you want a programme to
do in mid stream! But let’s see how to deal with it.

In the next part we take a look at Try … Catch in order to trap any errors
in your code.

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