This lesson is part of an ongoing Survey/Poll tutorial. The first part is
here: Build your own Survey/Poll, along with all
the files you need.
In the previous lesson, you set up the database
for the PHP survey app. In this lesson, you’ll see how it all works.
Have a look at the files for the survey. The files in the scripts/survey
folder that you downloaded are these:
Start your server and take a look at how everything works. The first page to
examine is the survey.php file. Once you’ve copied over all the files correctly,
the address on your localhost for the survey.php file should be this:
And the page itself should look like this:
So there is a survey question, and three possible choices. The user would select
one of the choices and then click the button to vote. There is also a button
to view the results. This survey could go in a side bar on your web site.
Click the View Results button and you’ll see this page (viewResults.php):
The question is repeated at the top, and the choices are there on the left.
There also values for the percentages of votes, as well as the actual number
who voted. (You could put all this in a HTML table, so that everything is neatly
Go back to the survey page and you’ll notice that same question appears. This
is the default question. How, then, do you change the question?
Load up the page called setSurvey.php and you’ll see this page:
Click the dropdown box to see more questions:
These questions are being pulled from the survey database. They are
then added to a HTML dropdown list. Select a question from the list and then
click the button to set that question as your survey. You will then be taken
back to the survey page, where you will see the question displayed:
The first thing you’ll want to do when testing this page is to open up the
code for the process.php page. Locate the following line:
$_SESSION[‘hasVoted’] = ‘1’;
Comment this line out, otherwise you’ll get the message “You’ve already
voted” whenever you try to add a new vote to your database. (Don’t forget
to uncomment the line, if it’s going onto your website.) You’ll see how the
process page works a little later.
To set new questions in the survey database, load up setQuestion.php.
You’ll see this:
Type in a new question in the textbox at the top, and the three options in
the textboxes below that. To add the question to the database, click the Set
this Question button.
The other two files in the scripts folder are process.php and red.jpg.
The process page is called from the survey.php file and is used to add
a vote to the database. It also detects if the user has already voted, and displays
a suitable message. You’ll see how all this works during these tutorials.
The red.jpg file is used on the viewResults page. It’s the horizontal
bar that tells the user what percentage of voters selected a particular option.
You can replace this red bar with anything you like.
In the next lesson, you’ll take a look at the PHP code to set a question for the
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