Java - English

Form Views

When the wizard from the previous section has
finished, it will create a blank form in the main window:

When the wizard from the previous section has
finished, it will create a blank form in the main window:

A default blank form created with NetBeans

The form is a blank, at the moment, and has an orange rectangle surrounding
it. The orange rectangle means that the form is the currently selected object.
Click away and you’ll see a blue rectangle instead. This means that the form
is not selected. Click back onto the form to select it, and you’ll see the orange
rectangle again.

Note the two buttons at the top, Source and Design. You’re in
Design at the moment. Click on Source to see the following code:

The default code for a Java form in NetBeans

You can expand and contract the plus symbols to reveal and hide code. Notice,
though, that a main method has been created. When the programme starts
it’s the main method that will be called. It’s creating a new object from our
form, and setting its visible property to true.

But NetBeans generates all this code for you. Otherwise, you’d have to do it
all yourself!

Have a look at the Projects area on the left again. You’ll see that a package
and a class file have been added:

A Java class file has now been created

Click back on the Design button at the top. You’ll see your blank form again.
To the right, you’ll have noticed two areas: a Palette with a lot of controls
in it, and a Properties area. The Palette should look like this:

The NetBeans Control Palette

And the Properties area should look like this:

The Properties window

(If you can’t see them, click Window> Palette and Window >
from the NetBeans menu.)

A property of an object is a list of the things you can do with it, like set
the background colour, set the text, set the font, and lots more. Let’s change
the title.

Make sure your form is selected. If it is, it will be surrounded with an orange
rectangle. The properties area will say JFrame at the top.

Click inside of the title area and type Calculator:

Changing the Title property of the Java form

Then press the enter key.

To see what effect changing the title property has, run your programme in the
usual way. When you run the programme for the first time, NetBeans will display
a dialogue box asking you which main method you want to use:

Run Project, selecting a  main method

You only have one, which is in your JavaCalculator class, so just click OK.
Your form should then appear:

The Java form is now running

The form has the title you just typed, plus some default icons for minimize,
maximize and close. Click the X to close your programme, and return to the Design

In the next part, we’ll add a text box to the form.


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